PRODUCT & PACKAGING USE, AND DESIGN

Minimising marine litter by consideration of product & packaging use, and potential design modifications

Action No.

Action

Lead Party(ies) / other relevant OSPAR Bodies

Published reports or further information

46

Evaluate all products and processes that include primary micro plastics and act, if appropriate, to reduce their impact on the marine environment.

Belgium, Germany and Netherlands with assistance of Sweden, Austria , Seas at Risk

ACTION COMPLETED BUT FURTHER STEPS TO BE CONSIDERED IN NEXT RAP

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Assessment document of land-based inputs of microplastics in the marine environment

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OSPAR is taking a step by step approach on microplastics beginning with microbeads in cosmetics followed by pre-production pellets and then moving on to address other sources of microplastics.

47

Engage with all appropriate sectors (manufacturing, retail etc.) to explore the possibility of a voluntary agreement to phase out the use of micro plastics as a component in personal care and cosmetic products. Should a voluntary agreement prove not to be sufficient, prepare a proposal for OSPAR to call on the EU to introduce appropriate measures to achieve a 100% phasing out of micro plastics in personal care and cosmetic products.

Belgium, Germany and Netherlands with assistance of Sweden, Austria , Seas at Risk

ACTION COMPLETED

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OSPAR entered into a dialogue with Cosmetics Europe in spring 2015 to discuss the voluntary phase out of the use of microplastics in personal care products.

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Since the upcoming new REACH regulations will address Primary Microplastics intentionally added to products the tasks group decided to wait for this new piece of legislation before taking further steps.

48

Evaluate the potential harm caused to the marine environment by items such as cigarette filters/butts, balloons, shotgun wads, cotton buds and bio-film support media used in sewage plants. Based on this evaluation, proposals can be made on the elimination, change or adaptation requirements for these other potentially problematic items.

France, with participation from Spain, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Ireland

TO BE COMPLETED IN 2020/21

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OSPAR is on the Advisory Board of the EU INTERREG funded CleanAtlantic project which will contribute to the development of this action.

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The CleanAtlantic project kicked off in 2017 and will run until 2020.

49

Investigate the prevalence and impact of expanded polystyrene (EPS) in the marine environment, and engage with industry to make proposals for alternative materials and/or how to reduce its impacts.

Portugal with participation from Spain, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Ireland

TO BE COMPLETED IN 2020/21

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OSPAR is on the Advisory Board of the EU INTERREG funded OceanWise project which will contribute to the development of this action.

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The OceanWise project kicked off in 2018 and will run until 2020.

51

Explore with industry the development of design improvements to assist in the reduction of negative impacts of products entering the marine environment in order to better inform industry on alternative solutions.

No Lead

This action is considered to be part of the ongoing dialogue with industry and one in which all Contracting Parties have a responsibility.

52

Promote initiatives and exchange of best practice aiming at zero pellet loss along the whole plastics manufacturing chain from production to transport.

France, with participation from Germany, Netherlands, Portugal, Seas at Risk and other NGO’s (FFI, FIDRA).

TO BE COMPLETED IN 2021

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OSPAR Background document on pre-production Plastic Pellets

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Recommendation on pellet loss reduction was agreed in principle at EIHA(1) 2020 and will be forwarded to OSPAR 2021 for adoption.