Comprehensive Atmospheric Monitoring Programme (CAMP)
The Comprehensive Atmospheric Monitoring Programme (CAMP) aims to assess the input of selected contaminants to the OSPAR maritime area and its regions via atmospheric deposition. This is based on annual monitoring and reporting of concentrations of mandatory and voluntary components in precipitation and air. Under the CAMP, OSPAR Contracting Parties are committed to monitoring, on a mandatory basis, the concentrations of a range of metals, organic compounds and nutrients in precipitation and air. The CAMP also encourages OSPAR Contracting Parties to monitor, on a voluntary basis, additional compounds such as certain persistent organic pollutants.
Heavy metals: cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni)
Nutrients: ammonium (NH4+), nitrate (NO3-)
arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
(For quality control: pH, Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, SO42-, Cl-)
Nitrogen species: nitrite (NO2), nitric acid (HNO3), ammonia (NH3), ammonium (NH4+), nitrate (NO3- )
Heavy metals: cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni)
Heavy metal: mercury (Hg(g))
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
The detailed commitments of Contracting Parties on atmospheric monitoring are set out in the Guidance for the Comprehensive Atmospheric Monitoring Programme (CAMP) (Agreement 2015-04). The CAMP measurements are submitted and are publically available at the international database EBAS (Database for Atmospheric Composition Research), hosted at the Norwegian Institute for Air Research: http://ebas.nilu.no/. Information on the monitoring stations can be found at http://www.nilu.no/projects/ccc/sitedescriptions/.
Monitoring by Contracting Parties under CAMP is coordinated through adherence to jointly agreed monitoring guidance:
- CEMP guidelines for coordinated monitoring for eutrophication, CAMP and RID;
- JAMP Guidelines for sampling and analysis of mercury in air and precipitation;
- JAMP Guidelines on the measurement of atmospheric inputs of PAHs;
- Guidance note on the sampling and analysis of PCBs in air and precipitation.
The data annually reported under the CAMP are evaluated and published by OSPAR in yearly CAMP data reports. All data collected under the CAMP are assessed on a regular basis. The most recent scientific assessment of long-term trends in atmospheric concentration and deposition of hazardous pollutants to the OSPAR maritime area is the Comprehensive Atmospheric Monitoring Programme (CAMP) Deposition of air pollutants around the North Sea and the North-East Atlantic in 2015 (2017/697).
Monitoring and assessment under CAMP is complemented through cooperation of OSPAR with the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution’s Cooperative programme for monitoring and evaluation of the long range transmission of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP). For example, the OSPAR recommendation for field and laboratory methods and the sampling frequency is to follow the EMEP guidelines. OSPAR uses EMEP’s modelled products for atmospheric deposition of selected contaminants. Recent EMEP reports are available:
- Atmospheric Deposition of Nitrogen to the OSPAR Maritime Area in the period 1995-2014;
- 2008 report on Atmospheric deposition of selected heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants to the OSPAR maritime area (1990–2005);
- 2007 report on Atmospheric Nitrogen in the OSPAR Convention Area in 1990–2004.